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Since its inception, Iamus has composed a full album in , appropriately named Iamus , which New Scientist described as "The first major work composed by a computer and performed by a full orchestra. Computer-aided algorithmic composition CAAC, pronounced "sea-ack" is the implementation and use of algorithmic composition techniques in software.

This label is derived from the combination of two labels, each too vague for continued use. The label computer-aided composition lacks the specificity of using generative algorithms. Music produced with notation or sequencing software could easily be considered computer-aided composition. The label algorithmic composition is likewise too broad, particularly in that it does not specify the use of a computer.

The term computer-aided , rather than computer-assisted, is used in the same manner as computer-aided design.

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Machine improvisation uses computer algorithms to create improvisation on existing music materials. This is usually done by sophisticated recombination of musical phrases extracted from existing music, either live or pre-recorded. In order to achieve credible improvisation in particular style, machine improvisation uses machine learning and pattern matching algorithms to analyze existing musical examples. The resulting patterns are then used to create new variations "in the style" of the original music, developing a notion of stylistic reinjection.

This is different from other improvisation methods with computers that use algorithmic composition to generate new music without performing analysis of existing music examples. Style modeling implies building a computational representation of the musical surface that captures important stylistic features from data.

Statistical approaches are used to capture the redundancies in terms of pattern dictionaries or repetitions, which are later recombined to generate new musical data. Style mixing can be realized by analysis of a database containing multiple musical examples in different styles. Machine Improvisation builds upon a long musical tradition of statistical modeling that began with Hiller and Isaacson's Illiac Suite for String Quartet and Xenakis' uses of Markov chains and stochastic processes.

Modern methods include the use of lossless data compression for incremental parsing, prediction suffix tree , string searching and more. Matlab implementation of the Factor Oracle machine improvisation can be found as part of Computer Audition toolbox. OMax uses OpenMusic and Max. It is based on researches on stylistic modeling carried out by Gerard Assayag and Shlomo Dubnov and on researches on improvisation with the computer by G. Assayag, M.

Chemillier and G. Bloch a. This problem was solved in the Variable Markov Oracle VMO available as python implementation [36] , using an information rate criteria for finding the optimal or most informative representation [37]. Live coding [38] sometimes known as 'interactive programming', 'on-the-fly programming', [39] 'just in time programming' is the name given to the process of writing software in realtime as part of a performance. Recently it has been explored as a more rigorous alternative to laptop musicians who, live coders often feel, lack the charisma and pizzazz of musicians performing live.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the magazine, see Computer Music magazine. This article needs additional citations for verification.


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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Computer music programming languages. Main article: Algorithmic composition. See also: Generative music , Evolutionary music , and Genetic algorithm. See also: Machine learning , Machine listening , Artificial intelligence , and Computer models of musical creativity.

This section contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. Please help to clean it up to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Where appropriate, incorporate items into the main body of the article. May Main article: Live coding.

Computer music

Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 18 October MuSA Conference. Organised Sound. Cambridge University Press. BBC News Online. Retrieved 18 June Computer Music Journal.


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Archived from the original on 18 January The Guardian. Retrieved 28 August British Library. BBC News. Retrieved 4 December Backbeat Books. Leonardo Music Journal. MIT Press. Retrieved 9 July Retrieved 28 October Back then computers were ponderous, so synthesis would take an hour. Bibcode : Sci A high speed machine such as the I. The Oxford handbook of computer music.

Oxford University Press. Gareth Music produced with notation or sequencing software could easily be considered computer-aided composition. The label algorithmic composition is likewise too broad, particularly in that it does not specify the use of a computer. The term computer-aided , rather than computer-assisted, is used in the same manner as computer-aided design.

Machine improvisation uses computer algorithms to create improvisation on existing music materials. This is usually done by sophisticated recombination of musical phrases extracted from existing music, either live or pre-recorded. In order to achieve credible improvisation in particular style, machine improvisation uses machine learning and pattern matching algorithms to analyze existing musical examples.

The resulting patterns are then used to create new variations "in the style" of the original music, developing a notion of stylistic reinjection. This is different from other improvisation methods with computers that use algorithmic composition to generate new music without performing analysis of existing music examples. Style modeling implies building a computational representation of the musical surface that captures important stylistic features from data.

Statistical approaches are used to capture the redundancies in terms of pattern dictionaries or repetitions, which are later recombined to generate new musical data. Style mixing can be realized by analysis of a database containing multiple musical examples in different styles. Machine Improvisation builds upon a long musical tradition of statistical modeling that began with Hiller and Isaacson's Illiac Suite for String Quartet and Xenakis' uses of Markov chains and stochastic processes.

Modern methods include the use of lossless data compression for incremental parsing, prediction suffix tree and string searching by factor oracle algorithm basically a factor oracle is a finite state automaton constructed in linear time and space in an incremental fashion [25]. Machine improvisation encourages musical creativity by providing automatic modeling and transformation structures for existing music. In live performance, the system re-injects the musician's material in several different ways, allowing a semantics-level representation of the session and a smart recombination and transformation of this material in real-time.

Guide to Computing for Expressive Music Performance

In offline version, machine improvisation can be used to achieve style mixing, an approach inspired by Vannevar Bush's memex imaginary machine. OMax uses OpenMusic and Max. It is based on researches on stylistic modeling carried out by Gerard Assayag and Shlomo Dubnov and on researches on improvisation with the computer by G. Assayag, M. Chemillier and G. Bloch a. Live coding [33] sometimes known as 'interactive programming', 'on-the-fly programming', [34] 'just in time programming' is the name given to the process of writing software in realtime as part of a performance.

Guide to Computing for Expressive Music Performance - Shop | Deutscher Apotheker Verlag

Recently it has been explored as a more rigorous alternative to laptop musicians who, live coders often feel, lack the charisma and pizzazz of musicians performing live. Generally, this practice stages a more general approach: one of interactive programming, of writing parts of programs while they are interpreted. This approach has locked out code-level innovation by people whose programming skills are more modest. Some programs have gradually integrated real-time controllers and gesturing for example, MIDI -driven software synthesis and parameter control. This legacy distinction is somewhat erased by languages such as ChucK , SuperCollider , and Impromptu.

TOPLAP , an ad-hoc conglomerate of artists interested in live coding was formed in , and promotes the use, proliferation and exploration of a range of software, languages and techniques to implement live coding. This is a parallel and collaborative effort e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the magazine, see Computer Music magazine. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

See also: Computer music programming languages. Main article: Algorithmic composition. See also: Generative music , Evolutionary music , and Genetic algorithm. See also: Machine learning , Machine listening , Artificial intelligence , and Computer models of musical creativity. This section contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate.

Please help to clean it up to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Where appropriate, incorporate items into the main body of the article. May Main article: Live coding.